Smart Farming represents the application of IT in agriculture. After the changes that led to plant cultivation and plant breeding, this third revolution is changing the landscape of the agricultural sector through the application of IT solutions in the cultivation process such as precision agriculture, geolocation, the Internet of Things, unmanned vehicles or drones, robots, big data, etc. Smart agriculture presents a real potential for an increase in agricultural sustainability and productivity, based on a more efficient and precise use in the use of Resources.
The United States are the leading users of these types of solutions, Europe lagging behind on its use. From the farmer's point of view, smart agriculture should provide larger returns, through decision support tools or for more efficient farm management. In this sense, following the Smart Akis classification, Smart Farming is divided in 3 areas:
Precision Agriculture: Management of spatial and temporal variables to improve economic performance based on a price use of inputs that reduce the environmental impact.
Information Management Systems: Systems planned for the collection, processing, storage and dissemination of all types of data necessary to manage the operations and functions of farms.
Agricultural and robotics automation: The application of robotics technologies, automated control and artificial intelligence at all levels of agricultural production, including the use of robberies and agricultural drones.
Including Smart Farming in the growers´ best practices, is a key element for the future of a growing sustainable agriculture.